Revolutionary War — Northern Campaign-Battle of Springfield, New Jersey

Jeannette Holland Austin
2 min readApr 15, 2022

1780 June 23. The Battle of Springfield, New Jersey After the Battle of Connecticut Farms, on June 7, 1780 had foiled Lieutenant General Wilhelm, Baron von Knyphausen’s expedition to attack General George Washington’s army at Morristown, New Jersey, Knyphausen and Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton, British commanderin-chief, decided upon a second attempt.

Although the British were initially able to advance, they were ultimately forced to withdraw in the face of newly arriving rebel forces, resulting in a Continental victory. The last battle fought in New Jersey was the Battle of Springfield fought in Essex County, New Jersey.

Maryland, limited by her population, furnished some 20,000 men in the cause of the American revolution and was known to have furnished some of the best fighters in the war. When the province was threatened with subjugation by Lord Cornwallis, it was the Maryland Line which came to her rescue and formed under General Greene to strike a fatal blow against the British.

Quoting from the Life of General Greene by Johnson:

“There is a clannish spirit in the States of the Union which will ever dispose the writers they produce, to blasen with perculiar zeal the virtues and talents of the eminent men of their respect States. And it will probably happen, that in future times the States that have produced the ablest writers will enjoy the reputation of having produced the ablest statesmen, generals and orators.”

A number of brave soldiers served from the Maryland colony including Joshua Barney who was the first of the naval officers from Maryland who engaged in service, and the last one to quit! Sources: Carrington’s Battles, 491; Johnson’s Life of General Greene, 11, 1811.

William Few, a resident of Maryland, came to Columbia County, Georgia after the war, where he received bounty land grants in 1769 and 1781. While still in Maryland, William Few and a brother associated themselves with the “Regulators”, a group of frontiersmen who opposed the royal governor. As a result, the brother was hanged and the Few family farm was destroyed. Once again William Few was forced to move, this time to Georgia where he was elected to the Georgia Provincial Congress of 1776. Few joined the local Richmond County Regiment, which his older brother, Benjamin Few, commanded. During the American Revolution, William Few fought in the Battle of Burke County Jail, served in the state legislative sessions, and took part in Georgia’s 1777 constitutional convention. In 1780 he was elected to the Continental Congress.

Source: Hero Imprints by Jeannette Holland Austin (2021)

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