A Brave Polish Hero Who Helped to Win the American Revolutionary War

Jeannette Holland Austin
3 min readFeb 22, 2024
Drawing courtesy of Allposters.com

Thaddeus Kosciuszko was born in 1746 in the palatinate of Brescia, Lithuania. The Republic of Lithuania is a country in the Baltic region of Europe. It is one of three Baltic states and lies on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea.

He was once an independent grand duchy containing some 60,000 square miles which was united to Poland in 1569 and now forms the Russian provinces of Wilna, Grodno, and Minsk.

When reading the classics in his youth this noble patriot became enraptured with the vision of a Republic.

Note: The United States is a Republic, not a Democracy. A Democracy institutes “mob rule.”

Kosciuszko completed his education by studying a military course. He wanted to be better prepared to battle for the inalienable rights of mankind.

When the story of the American Revolution reached him, he enrolled his name with those who dared to make an effort to be free.

On his arrival in America, George Washington appointed him a Colonel of Engineers and one of his aids. His undaunted bravery on all occasions, his patriotic zeal, his amiable disposition, his purity of life, his noble bearing — all combined to endear him to the Army and every friend of freedom.

After the war, he returned to his native land, having aided in achieving the Independence that we now enjoy. At that time, his countrymen were groaning under a bondage more servile than that which had oppressed the Americans. He longed to see them free and enlisted several noble spirits to prepare to strike for Liberty. The time arrived for action. Kosciuszko was made Commander-in-chief in 1789. His plans required five years to prepare for action.

In 1794 his Army was attacked at Raslavice by the Russian General Denisoff who was defeated with great slaughter. For six months he kept at bay the combined forces of Russia and Prussia. On the 4th of October of that year, the officer who commanded the advance position of the Polish Army proved a traitor and permitted the enemy to occupy it without opposition. The result was the ruin of the liberating Army.

Kosciuszko fell covered with wounds and was incarcerated in a dungeon at St. Petersburg until King…

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